Princeton U’s Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment Finds a Way to Produce Hydrogen Efficiently

The idea of using hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuel was first put forward by the University of Michigan in 2012. A proposed hydrogen economy has since then, been considered in order to bring down carbon emissions. The contention is that hydrogen combustion will release only water. Although the concept has not flourished, its potential as a clean source of energy has not been eliminated.

As of 2016, production of hydrogen fuel received attention, as car manufacturers Toyota, Hyundai and Honda came out with models that run on hydrogen fuel. However, it later became apparent that hydrogen production was costly and resulted to inefficiency and availability issues.

When extracted through a dedicated process of water electrolysis, only small quantities of hydrogen were produced. Moreover, there is insufficient clean energy that can be used to carry out the processes on a larger scale. Although hydrogen can be produced by way of natural gas steam-reforming method, the process still results to high carbon emissions. In addition, hydrogen is essential to the chemical industry, being a critical component of the basic chemicals demanded by highly industrialized nations.

Until recently, a group of engineering and chemical researchers at the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment at Princeton University, figured out a way to efficiently produce hydrogen from wastewater.

Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, to Make Hydrogen Economy Possible

Researchers of Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment published a report in the February 2019 issue of the Energy & Environmental Science Journal, about their breakthrough achievement.

Using a specially designed chamber outfitted with black silicon interface described as “Swiss Cheese-like, they have developed a technique that can split water as a means of isolating hydrogen. Inside the specially-designed chamber, the wastewater bacteria will contribute to the generation of electricity by consuming waste water. The electricity generated by the bacteria will in turn, help in the splitting process.

Professor Zhiyong Jason Ren of the Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment (ACEE) and lead investigator, together with Lu Lu, an associate research scholar also at ACEE, and first author of the report, developed the unique anaerobic chamber.

Wastewater from breweries was used for the test run, while in place was a lamp capable of simulating the strength of sunlight.
The result was successful, because as organic compounds started breaking down, hydrogen bubbled up.

The research report concluded that the group’s breakthrough discovery will largely appeal to refineries and chemical manufacturers. Chiefly because those industries are into deriving their own hydrogen from fossil fuels, and at the same time, incur high costs for cleaning wastewater.

Go Green With Your Fuel Consumption Without Compromising Your Vehicle’s Performance

Experts all over the world have been looking for more alternative sources of energy. Aside from the fact that the primary sources of energy that we have today are likely to be depleted someday (considering that the demand for energy increases exponentially every year), there are sources that are not Earth-friendly. For example, fuel remains as the top choice in extracting energy, especially when it comes to transportation and generation of electricity. However, as we burn fuel in our vehicles, pollutants are inadvertently created as by-products of the process. As much as we need fuel in our daily lives, the continuous usage of fuel also hurts the environment.

Thus, the only apparent answer to this problem is to switch to green fuel, or fuel that has less contribution to air pollution. Biofuel, which can be extracted from biomass such as animal and plant remains, is being heralded as the future of energy because of its potential to minimize the creation of air pollutants in the atmosphere. However, some people have doubts on this, especially when it comes to its efficiency when used in a vehicle.

Should There Be A Problem If We Go Green?

Tests are being done to see if greener fuels can be used in vehicles instead of the traditional fuels. While the intention for the environment is good, there should be no compromise in terms of the efficiency. It is possible that a vehicle must burn a liter of green fuel or biofuel to meet an acceptable level of performance, while for the traditional fuel, the vehicle only needs to burn half of it. In the end, traditional fuel still has the edge over biofuel, but still, this does not mean that we should let go of using a greener fuel.

For one, there are tips you can follow to enhance your car’s fuel performance, whether you are using green fuel or not. Another thing you can do is to have a mixture of green fuel and traditional fuel. It may not be a good idea to use biofuel entirely for your vehicle for it to run smoothly. Instead, you can add biofuel with traditional fuel to enjoy both of their advantages together. By using biofuel, you can lessen your carbon footprint everywhere you go.

Support The Research For Greener And More Efficient Energy Source

Our hardworking scientists continue to find a workaround for the limitations of using green fuel. Of course, it would help them if we show our support to their research, perhaps even donating for their ongoing studies. Raising awareness for the negative effects of traditional fuel would be enough so that more people will consider switching to green fuel. When it comes to efficient treatment of spine injuries, Dr. Randall F. Dryer, owner of Central Texas Spine Institute is the person to contact.

 

Fuel Cells To Generate Electrical Power

For people, when it comes to boosting energy, a lot depend on beverages with caffeine like coffee. However, there are alternatives that are healthier, such as ginger tea, to give that needed fuel to perk you up. Ginger tea benefits individuals as it lowers fatigue by bettering the circulation of the blood as well as the sugar levels in the blood.

For automobiles, fuel is used and consumed for it run. But fuel isn’t only used to power transportation. Around 95% of the major energy used by humans is taken from fuels. These go into power plants, heaters, engines and whatever else that people receive work or heat from. For the generation of electricity, 85% of the principal energy comes from fuels.

Fuels are compact repositories of energy that are used to make available services that necessitate energy like transportation, heating, and the generation of electricity. Although the sun is where most fuels get their energy, they are generally regarded to be a major source of energy. However, fuel or fossil fuels used to generate power pollute the environment, are non-renewable and are unsustainable, which is why experts are developing better fuel alternatives that won’t pollute the environment, are renewable and sustainable.

Lots of experts believe and say that in the future, we might be utilizing fuel cells to produce electrical power for all types of devices that we use daily such as automobiles and smartphones.

A fuel cell is a piece of device that utilizes a fuel source like hydrogen, and an oxidant to generate electrical power or electricity from an electrochemical process, wherein chemical energy is converted to electrical energy. Fuels cells are comparable to flashlight batteries or batteries found beneath the hoods of vehicles.

Potential Uses of Fuel Cells

There are three major possible uses or applications wherein fuel cells are used. These are transportation, stationary installations, and portable uses.

Fueling Transportation

Fuel cells, in the future, can power automobiles, where petroleum fuel presently used in most cars is replaced with hydrogen. Numerous manufacturers of automobiles are actively studying and developing technologies on transportation powered by fuel cells.

Stationary Installations

The biggest and most potent fuel cells are the stationary fuel cells. This type of fuel cells are developed to make available a reliable and clean on-site power source to homes, schools, hospitals, airports, banks and military bases.

Powering Portable Devices

Fuel cells could power nearly any portable machine or device that utilizes batteries. Compared to the usual battery that sooner or later goes dead, fuel cells carry on to generate energy provided that there is a supply of fuel and oxidant. Fuel cells can power portable devices such mobile phones, laptops, as well as hearing aids.

UK’s Shutdown of Coal-Fueled Stations Keeps Carbon Reduction Initiatives on Track

The UK government is quite proud to achieve recognition for being one of the early adopters of clean energy. The country’s goal is to totally move away from operating coal powered stations, toward zero fossil fuel-use by year 2025.

Since 1:00 pm last May 01 onward, major coal-fueled stations in the country were shut down, while additional electrical power is provided by offshore wind turbines. The number of wind turbines installed is unprecedented in any other country, as installations of 9,702 wind turbines saw completion in April 2019. All of which have the capacity to produce an enormous 20.8 gigawatts; 12,904 megawatts allocated as onshore capacity, with remaining 7,895 megawatts allotted as offshore capacity.

Currently, wind turbines account for only 24 percent of UK’s electrical power. Natural gas, a type of fossil fuel considered as cleaner by far than coal, remains as the biggest electrical power generator at 46 percent. Jonathan Marshall, Head of Energy and Climate remarked,

“Outdated warnings that cutting carbon from our power system would lead to blackouts have been comprehensively proven to be incorrect.”

Still, with the country relying mainly on low-carbon fuel, the government must ensure, the supply of natural gas does not run dry.

UK Committee on Climate Change Reports Significant Improvement in Bid to Reduce Carbon Footprint

In the lastest 2018 Progress Report to Parliament, the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) gave information that UK’s carbon emissions as of 2017 went below by 43 percent from the levels recorded since 1990.

The CCD had previously mapped out carbon reduction budgets into 4 periods, starting from 2008 to 2027, whilst aiming to reduce total emissions by 80 percent from the 1990 levels. The 2018 Progress Report indicated that the UK is currently on track. The second (2013-17) and third (2018-22) carbon budgets saw out performances, although still not on track to meet the 4th (2023-27).

in order to achieve UK’s goal of reducing emissions by at least 80% by year 2050, at least 3% of overall domestic emissions must be reduced. The CCC recommends implementation of more challenging measures since the present progress is mostly attributed to carbon reduction from electricity generation. Indicating that improvements in carbon reduction from other sectors are yet to be achieved.

Can this Diet Fuel your Energy?

This south beach diet’s pitfall is located at the start. The initial two weeks of this south beach diet really tend to be unbearable. No fruit, rice, pasta, potatoes, sugar, alcohol are permitted. This is going to be tough to make it through In case the dieter is used to eating such items. This fact makes the south beach diet a collapse.

Additionally, the initial two weeks of this south beach diet places the entire body in a state of ketosis. When carbohydrates aren’t taken inside ketosis happens and ketone bodies are created. Subsequently ketoacidosis can occur, resulting in coma and death if ketosis carries on. This may be amplified with kidney issues in anybody, but is definitely in healthy men and women. The majority of weight is water and it’s going to be recovered when normal eating endures. Calories to the intense reduces metabolism making weight loss harder later on.

This is designed for reducing cholesterol, the south beach diet is a diet that is low-carb. Following the two weeks carbohydrates like fruits, whole grains and vegetables are added. For getting pounds back, the capacity is large at this time. It is very hard for a individual to deny themselves and not go as soon as the merchandise is reintroduced. A whole lot of self-resolve is going to be required to create this diet work that is intense.

The south beach diet provides an number of guidance and books creating of a program that is complex. It will not be simply made by A good deal of folks and also be frustrated when things become complex. If a individual has a challenging time she or he will have a much harder time.

The south beach diet is too rigorous. Eating does not need to mean giving up all that. Even though it is not the fad diet that is most peculiar the south beach diet isn’t the approach to attain weight loss and keep it off. It is also about learning that it’s not so complicated how to balance these decisions.

If you find cheaper and better nutrisystem alternatives and if you don’t find the south beach diet working, try out a simpler strategy. Create a listing of the items that which you eat which are high in sugar and fat. Eliminate all them from your everyday intake and permit a small number again and today. Read food labels and try to understand part sizes. You could be amazed at what you’ll find.

A serving of ice cream is just half a cup to get a total of approximately 300 calories. Could you see how simple it is to serve up a cup or possibly a half and a cup hour? Try to have at least 60 minutes of activity daily. This might be a exercise like running mixed up having a few fun like dance.

Bear in mind the secret! The south beach diet can work for many individuals, but it will not work for everybody. Adhering to a diet and will enhance your wellbeing and exercising regularly is significantly much way to weight reduction.